Research Proposal On Target Population
Type of paper: Research Proposal
Topic: Health, Education, Study, Information, Medicine, Human Resource Management, Nursing, Community
The survey targets healthcare workers in hospitals across the nation. They will voluntarily submit to the survey in order to expose their most recent knowledge concerning the nursing shortage. They have been allowed to volunteer at chance as no selected times were chosen for the survey. The respondents targeted could be from any category of the general healthcare community and as noted above will share one more characteristics that are shared and is relative to the nursing community and related by the claim of knowledge concerning the nursing community.
In the spirit of the quantitative simple designed research method, the investigation of the knowledge level about the nursing shortage should bear similar characteristics or traits. This helps to meet the characteristics of the simple survey design and the quantitative method. The simple survey will also attempt to provide some rationales as to how the Nursing Shortage crisis can be altered by linking and charting the perceptions of the general healthcare populations. It will also show that the closer that the respondents are to the nursing community executive hierarchy, the more their perceptions will take shape in the graphical charting.
Their results should be demonstrative and near the peak of the curve and above the mean, mode or the median in the statistical analysis portion of the study. Because the survey is more quantitative than qualitative, the results will define clear borders of the patterns. Whereas; the qualitative design approach will bear results which are far less clear and bear very little predictability.
The single group selected in the study will also have an interest in the results of the study. This presents the beginnings of the target audience and the population. Additional beneficiaries of the survey may include many populations across the country and who have discovered that the deficits in the nursing community have somehow made their way to their locations as well. This is where the study can educate and begin the dialogue needed that enough has not been done. In doing so, the study will increase its’ jurisdiction in relation to the time after the publication date.
In the essence of the required characteristics of the simple survey, the participants may be students, university admissions or office staff and nursing school administrators. Other stakeholders include collaborating hospital staff, hospital administration and practicing nurses. Others who are crucial to the study are practicing doctors and professors involved in teaching of nursing courses. Respondents will be adults, but also may include males or females within the community or some way may be involved directly in nursing discipline. Results could also be used to investigate further research in this area.
The paper has adopted Quantitative Design methodology which has an embedded simple descriptive survey design that focuses on the nursing community and those who have had experiences with the education of the profession. In the survey, we will focus on a population of participants that will be linked by simple and random characteristics. It is important to include any and all categories of participants so that inclusions of the results are pertinent in as many ways as possible. In doing so, the results can be categorized in ways that provide similar information for those that contribute to information which may be used to begin how communities can help to offset the crisis of the nursing shortage.
Furthermore, a critical evaluation of secondary literature on nursing shortage is in need to be stimulated. Some of which have been identified by way of official professional reports, peer reviewed journals, books and bibliographic databases. Crucial concepts include the acute and growing nursing shortage, nursing migration, and international nursing. An in-depth interview primary data collection method shall be used to gather information from key respondents as clinical leaders and stakeholders.
Data Collection Methods
The research instruments are very important parts of data collection and have many crucial components. In this case, a survey tool has been designed, that is an instrument that will help to identify the knowledge base about a well-published problem governing the nursing shortage. A selection criterion is embedded in the survey to differentiate and select a target population that can help to expose how the nursing shortage has affected communities across the nation. Inclusive in the survey are questions that will help to survey and identify how the shortage has affected populations as well as identifying those communities that have already selected and taken actions to aid their communities in resolving the shortage.
The survey is geared to those that most closely work near or within the survey and attempts to allow nursing students input into the data. The researcher used the assistance and information of The Joint Commission website in order to begin the selection process for the participant or target hospitals and healthcare professionals. It also intends to gain participation from hospitals that are in the process of seeking accreditation by allowing hospitals that are in the application phase of certification with The Joint Commission to participate as well. The rationale behind this allowance knows that practitioners that are seeking either will be familiar or have seen processes to stall the crisis of the shortage.
After identifying hospitals across the nation and formulation of the plan to select the hospitals and clinics, the data collection process continued by contacting the identified hospitals in order to attempt to find a point person for as many facilities as possible. This technique was important in order to gain maximum numbers of practitioners for the sample to minimize deviations induced by the researcher and also knowing that peer influence of those affected were needed to be well represented and to reach the number of participants sought.
This agenda was only used when phone calls and emails did not work. Additionally, non-respondents and those communities that understand implications of the nursing crisis are often more apt to realize the importance of the research when they are approached from a peer or colleague.
After soliciting and collecting information from the brief survey, the target audience and participants were sent a link from the survey tool Survey Monkey. This tool was selected because of its ability to allow creations that were attractive and easy for most participants to use. It also allows other important features of data collection such as ease of use and ease of accessibility. The link that was sent to the participants or target audience was embedded in the contact emails for the audience selected.
Data collection employment is a crucial part of the process of quantitative research. The simple survey and methods of data collection were crucial in providing the vital information solicited and if done correctly would allow the researcher to add to the many manuals or manuscripts concerning the nursing shortage. It also allowed other variations of knowledge from different communities to become a part of the knowledge base of how important the eradication of the nursing shortage is and how communities are attempting to resolve the crisis.
The research sought from the simple survey was solicited in order to get a sample population that well represents the impressions, attitudes, perceptions and affect that the nursing shortage places on communities and the practitioners of nursing and its support.
One hundred participants were selected in order to provide data about a group of healthcare personnel that are affected daily by the nursing shortage. The research will solicit information about the group and its characteristics and demographic understanding about the nursing shortage. We will collect the data by brief surveys, definitive surveys and collect the data by talking directly to hospital staff that allows the researcher to weed through appropriate participants.
The purpose of the survey was to learn more about how different practitioners and hospitals are handling the crisis. Descriptions and characteristics of the practitioners should at this point from the survey. Suggestions about how communities and respondents are utilizing the information in solving their dilemmas, and conducting nursing education should evolve from the information returned.
Data Collection Instrument
The research survey used to collect quantitative data in this study was an on-line mixed-methods simple survey. Gay, Mills, & Airasian (2008), suggest that the survey “should be attractive, brief and easy to respond to,” therefore, the researcher constructed a brief questionnaire which allows the research to contribute information from a variety of personnel surrounding nursing, but also the research will also allow contributions to also from those that are indirectly influenced by the crisis. This feature should help to make sure that this quantitative descriptive study meets it goals by identifying characteristics of these particular group of people who share common attributes that are descriptive and explanatory. Another feature of the survey intends to examine characteristics of the respondents by examining the extent of involvement with the community of nursing. This helps to add to the knowledge base from different levels surrounding nursing practitioners and their support personnel. Five levels of involvement were embedded in the survey in order to group and characterize the data from the selected respondents and to better examine the awareness level of each of the five groups and the impact of the crisis of each level.
The survey will contribute information from the highest level around the nursing hierarchy to the lowest level of involvement by inclusion of nursing students and personnel up to the executive level of nursing support and administration, This was done by asking specific structured questions which only allowed the respondents to select from the five levels of the survey. An additional protection embedded is a category of questions has in its scale a category of none that is double-blind eradicator and respondents who made the initial cut will be eradicated by this embedded answer. This question by itself offers extra protection to limit responses only from those that worked or had knowledge of the impact of the nursing shortage in their community and workplace. .
Lastly, the instrument contains rating scales. The data from the scales will help to isolate and develop conclusions from the variables offered. During the analysis portion of the data interpretation, it will help to shape the information and offer characteristics or mounds of data about the perception of the nursing shortage from the selected respondents. The instrument will also help to shape the data from the participants that either add to or expand upon the publications already captured concerning the nursing shortage in both subjective and objective terms. It is also the data that is used form the rating scales that will allow the researcher to carefully select his study sample and ensure that only those that are intended to be included are included.
Identifying the Data Collected
The data collected will help to form the characteristics from healthcare workers governing the nursing shortage crisis. Raw data from the population included in the survey will expand to the database of the collected publications but will also suggest further conclusions. The conclusions from the data collected may also suggest areas that have begun to remediate their concerns governing the shortage.
Additionally, peaks, modes, medians, and means may be formed from the data that can point to conclusions about the status in some of the nation’s communities that are indirectly or directly involved in nursing care. The researcher used raw data collected through the survey to calculate and form many features of the data. Characteristics and descriptors such as frequency, percentages, mean, mode and medians are just a few of the type of statistics that the data will reveal.
The data collected will have a cut-off date of July 15, 2013 and the data collection phase of research will be done. This was done in order to begin the next portion of the research that is data analysis. At the conclusion of the data collection phase, data analysis will point out conclusions and patterns of awareness at this point from the sample that made the cut off. Triangulations, peaks, and other patterns of statistical similarities will be revealed and groups that are aware in different communities will show similar trends of those that are doing similar interventions.
It is this phase that the researcher must prove and look for analogies which implicate trends, questions, weaknesses and strengths. Conclusions from the trends and other patterns generated by the data; can and will help to draw conclusions about the data and its respondents’ awareness and intervention levels governing the nursing shortage.