Thoraco-Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair surgery

Thoraco-Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair surgery

Do A review of current perfusion techniques to reduce Acute Kidney Injury rates in Thoraco-Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair surgery The literature review will be organised into sections that address and review the different renal perfusion techniques and strategies used to prevent renal failure.

Each section will critically review the evidence to support each technique and explore the renal failure results. These will then be evaluated and compared to establish the best strategy. Be sure to include the following:

-Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest
-Renal perfusion with warm blood
-Renal perfusion with cold blood
-Renal perfusion with cold crystalloid solution
-Renal perfusion with Custodiol solution.

Disparities in Healthcare

Disparities in Healthcare

Outline 2 Healthy People 2020 Objectives for health disparities
Describe the role and work of the Minority Health and Health Disparity Research Center in addressing the issues of racial and ethnic disparities in the USA.

Include the implications for advocacy, health care policies, access to care and affordability of care in your discussion.

A Post Modern Short Story

A Post Modern Short Story

Create a Post Modern short story in which the characters and actions challenge modern notions of “truth.” The story needs to be written from a man’s perspective or gender neutral.

Include a detailed analysis of the story that is at least half as long as the story.

How might role conflict and/or ambiguity have contributed to the situation?

Discussion: Group Management for Just Culture
The concept of a fair and just culture refers to the way an organization handles safety issues. Humans are fallible; they make mistakes. In a just culture, ‘hazardous’ human behavior such as staff errors, near–misses and risky actions are identified and discussed openly in hopes of finding ways to improve processes and systems—not to identify and punish the individual.
—Pepe & Caltado, 2011

This Discussion examines the opportunities of managers in working with groups to promote change that facilitates the delivery of safe, high–quality care.
To Prepare

Review the information on just culture presented in the Learning Resources.
For this discussion, you will use the Regulatory Decision Pathway found in Russell, K. A. & Radtke, B. K. (2014).
Examine an adverse event at the unit level in your organization or one with which you are familiar and apply the Regulatory Decision Pathway.
Compare the findings of the Regulatory Decision Pathway to what actually happened at the unit in your organization. Was the event deemed: bad intent, reckless, at risk, or human error? According to the pathway, do you now think it was the correct action?
Think about how a nurse leader–manager may use just culture as a framework to create or maintain a focus on accountability and outcomes throughout a group. What actions could be taken if a systems–related error was made or if an error resulted from risky behavior?
How might role conflict and/or ambiguity have contributed to the situation?

Post a description of an adverse event in your organization and your analysis of the issue using the Regulatory Decision Pathway. Explain how role conflict or ambiguity might have influenced this situation. Apply the principles of just culture as you explain how you, as the group’s manager, would handle the situation.

http://sidneydekker.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/JustCultureCritique.pdf

http://www.outcome-eng.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/manage-risk.pdf

**************Below is a paper to use as reference!!!!!!!!!

PLEASE USE THIS AS A REFERENCE ONLY.

Adverse Event
Adverse events are a part of the healthcare environment and how an event is dealt with can affect patient safety. The regulatory pathway and just culture are a means of improving the quality of care and safety culture (Russell & Radtke, 2014). Health care employees need to trust in their organization that an adverse event can be reported so that the organization and employee can learn from the event, and that it is not just a means to place blame.
An adverse event that took place in the cardiac catheterization lab was a procedure was done on the wrong patient. A patient that was to have a pacemaker instead ended up having a diagnostic catheterization. This event involved a patient identification issue by the nurse. The hospital’s patient identification policy and time out policy were not adhered to by the nurse and then the catheterization team. The incident was reported to the state, and there were several event meetings with the nurse and physician. As a result of the investigation, all staff in the catheterization lab were re-educated to the patient identification and time out policy. All staff had to sign an individual affidavit that they understood the policy. The nurse was given a written warning. This event would not have happened if the nurse and catheterization team had adhered to policy.
Regulatory Decision Pathway
Using the regulatory decision pathway, the nurse did not intend to harm the patient deliberately. The nurse asked the patient if she was Ms. X and the patient said yes. The identification policy is to check the patient’s identification band for name and medical record number against a second identifier. This was not done. There were no significant circumstances involving the system that led to the error. The nurse did not conceal the error or falsify the record. The nurse did not disregard or consciously take a substantial risk. She thought she had the correct patient. There were no similar or serious errors by this nurse. A reasonably prudent nurse would not have done the same in similar circumstances as the patient identification policy would have been adhered to. According to the regulatory decision pathway, this was at-risk behavior by the nurse (Russell & Radtke, 2014).
The catheterization team which included the physician, nurse, physician assistant, and technician contributed to this adverse event. The team did not follow the time out process policy where everything stops, and patient identification is reconfirmed with other parameters. Again, following the regulatory decision pathway, the catheterization team demonstrated at-risk behavior. At-risk behavior involves unsafe practice and carelessness which is shown by the nurse and catheterization team not adhering to policy (Russell & Radtke, 2014).
Role Conflict
The cardiac catheterization lab is very fast-paced, and the nurses can feel the stress of the workload. The procedure area and recovery room was very busy and crowded that day. Role conflict could have contributed to the situation as there is constant pressure to keep moving. Role conflict could have contributed in the time-out process not taking place in the procedure room. Nurses have to initiate the time out process when the physician arrives, and some physicians are not very cooperative in the process. Since the adverse event, patient identification and the time out policy are strictly adhered to.
Just Culture
Quality improvement and work environment improvement are a part of just culture (Lockhart, 2015). Just culture is safety issues, improving processes, and not about punishing individuals (Pepe & Cataldo, 2011). As the group’s manager using the principles of culture, I would have done firm counseling stressing the significance of the incident, but as this was the nurse’s first risky behavior, I would not have done a formal written warning with the threat of being fired if it happens again. Doing a staff meeting and re-educating the policies was appropriate. Patient identification and the time out process are now part of the cardiac catheterization lab’s monthly quality assurance surveys. All new employees are well educated in the two policies and must sign an attestation that they understand by the end of orientation. This adverse event led to improved processes in the cardiac catheterization lab which is the goal of just culture (Pepe & Cataldo, 2011).

References
Lockhart, L. (2015). Does your organization have a just culture? Retrieved from http://www.NursingMadeIncrediblyEasy.com doi-10.1097/01.NME.0000457286.16594.92
Pepe, J., & Cataldo, P. J. (2011). Manage risk, build a just culture. Health Progress. Retrieved from http://www.outcome-eng.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/manage-risk.pdf

Russell, K. A. & Radtke, B. K. (2014). An evidence-based tool for regulatory decision-making: regulatory decision pathway. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 5(2), 5-9. https://class.waldenu.edu/bbcswebdav/institution/USW1/201810_27/MS_NURS/NURS_6201/readings/USW1_NURS_6201_Russell.pdf

Describe a Nursing Home community of your choice.

Respond to each topic in two to three paragraphs
-Describe a Nursing Home community of your choice.
-Describe Health related concern
-Talk about Epidemiology in such environment
-Identify Epidemiology Risk Reactors
-Morbidity
-Incidence rate of specific diseases and injuries (compare a chosen Community with people of the same age group elsewhere.( City, County, State, or Nation)
-Prevalence rate of specific diseases and injuries (compare CA with same age group in the literature – City, County, State, or Nation)
Mortality
-Age specific death rates (compare CA with same age group in the literature – City, County, State, Nation)
-Leading cause of death of CA compared with same age group in the literature – City, County, State, or Nation
Identify levels of prevention & justify analysis for CA

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